Nasal discharge in the puppy: causes and treatments

My puppy has the nose (truffle) flowing, is it serious?

When a puppy has the “nose” that flows, it is usually a symptom of a commonly treatable disease. However, this can also be the sign of something more serious, such as an infection or chronic illness that requires the attention of the veterinarian.

In general, nasal discharge in puppies is quite harmless, especially when it is fluid and transparent . It is a normal process of the body to evacuate particles accumulated in the respiratory tract that can not be eliminated by the expulsion mechanisms of the respiratory system. However, discharge discharge can be a warning indicator if it is a bit opaque, greenish, yellowish or has a distinct odor . These qualities may require the attention of your veterinarian.

Common causes of nasal discharge in the puppy …
allergies

Dogs are as much disturbed by allergies as humans. When a puppy has a runny nose with a clear flow, it’s very likely that the cause is a particular allergen . Allergies can manifest especially with season, food, particles, pollen or pollution. Like us, young dogs and older dogs react to chemicals, spores, mites, medicines, food and even pollen. In fact, just like their human counterparts, they can make an allergic reaction characterized by dander, (fine particles of skin that come off).

However, a symptom of allergic reaction does not stop at the nose that runs. There are several symptoms that accompany it, such as coughing, itching, sneezing and even respiratory problems.

truffle wet puppy

Sneeze

These can be prevented if the allergen has been identified. This can be something complicated to achieve, especially if you are not completely sure what allergy is about. It would be best to discuss it with your veterinarian and make allergy tests and maybe ask for a prescription of antihistamine medications if needed.

blocking

A blockage is different from a polyp or tumor, although it shares the same manifestation. Blockage is a foreign object that is stuck in the nostril of the puppy . This can be a blade of grass or a seed … Because the young puppy’s respiratory system is still underdeveloped, it is particularly prone to blockage cases. This is also one of the most common causes of nasal discharge in the puppy and it is also one of the easiest to detect. Puppies and young adult dogs often show pimples, and due to restlessness, this can trigger frequent sneezing and nosebleeds.

If the blockage is visible to the naked eye, such as a blade of grass sneaking out of the nostrils, it can be cautiously removed with a clean clip. However, if you are not comfortable performing the extraction, call your veterinarian. Keep in mind that forced extraction can cause trauma and can trigger nosebleeds and irritation of the nasal mucosa which can often lead to irritation and other reaction such as increased nasal discharge.

Infection

When the flow is unclear and has a distinct hue of pus or mucus, this is an indication of an ongoing infection. This can be something viral, fungal or bacterial contracted in nature. This can also be accompanied by choking or excessive coughing due to postnasal discharge.

Infection of the nose

There are several treatment choices that directly depend on the cause of the infection. If the infection is caused by bacteria, the veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics that should be taken regularly for several days. For cases of fungal infection, topical anti-fungal medicines will be prescribed. Some infections, especially cases that last for an extended period of time that may require surgery.

Tumors and nasal polyps

Polyps are usually mucous glands that invade the inside of the nasal cavity of dogs . They can be filled with mucus, pus and blood. There are also tumors that are vascular, this may explain why at the slightest piaffement the puppy tends to bleed profusely .

Tumors in the nasal cavity may be benign or malignant, which is why the puppy must be examined by the veterinarian. Tumors and polyps can lead to systemic effects, such as loss of appetite , so it is important to check them as soon as possible. Usually, tumors and polyps require surgery depending on the veterinarian’s discretion.

Anatomical Considerations

Brachycephalic races are more prone to nasal problems than other races. in fact, breeds of puppies on the flat face are more exposed to potential dangers. In addition, because of the shorter distance between the external elements and the internal respiratory system, brachycephalic dogs have increased risks of infection and other respiratory diseases .

Obstructive airway syndrome (or brachycephalic syndrome) is one of the most important problems of dogs that share this anatomical feature. This is the medical term associated with many upper respiratory problems considered to be fairly common in these breeds of dogs such as the Pug and Pekingese. A brachycephalic race may experience partial obstruction of the upper respiratory tract due to physical characteristics such as a too long soft palate, narrowed nostrils or instances such as reduction of voicemail.

nose that flows dog

Distemper

It is a systemic situation that is one of the most serious indications of a runny nose. The most affected systems are respiratory and gastrointestinal systems and the most common symptoms include nasal and oral discharge . There is also wheezing, coughing and vomiting as well as diarrhea.

Due to the massive amount of damage that Disease can do, it is important to identify this condition as soon as possible. Secondary bacterial infections can come from a viral infection. However, the disease can progress and can present very serious neurological symptoms.

Purple Fever (Tick Typhus)

Tick ​​typhus may show nasal discharge as well as nosebleeds that may be indicative of bacterial infection . Cough, high fever, eye inflammation and generalized pain. Medical management will include several weeks of antibiotic treatment prescribed and monitored by the veterinarian. Most dog experts believe that the best way to prevent this disease is by using anti-tick products, as well as reducing exposure to ticks.

Cleft palate / and / or fistula

The determining factor of a cleft palate in dogs is when there is a nasal discharge after eating . This means that there is a cleft palate. This condition occurs when the dog’s palate is not fused, leaving a passage between the mouth and the nose.

It may also be the presence of a nasal or oral fistula, which is a hole between the mouth and nose often caused by infection, tooth decay, wounds or even surgery. The most common treatment for oral or nasal fistulas and cleft palate will be surgery.

How to Stop a Dog’s Nose from Bleeding?
Nosebleeds are different from a runny nose in dogs, this can be the progression of a simple nasal discharge that would have worsened. Increased nasal discharge can agitate the puppy and which accentuate the damage to the blood vessels around the nasal cavity that can break and cause nosebleed.

In case of nosebleeds, especially for young dogs, it is important to know the basic first aid that can be done before it receives more advanced medical attention

Allow the dog to relax and remain calm.

Remove all sources of restlessness in the dog, such as loud music, busy roads and noisy devices in the house.
Cover the nostril affected by the bleeding with something absorbent.
Use a cold compress and apply on the upper part of the dog’s nose, specifically placed between the nostrils and the eyes.
Never tilt the dog’s head backwards. This is the most common practice for humans, but it is important not to tilt or place anything inside the dog’s nostrils, as this may aggravate the situation.
Contact your veterinarian immediately if the initial surgery has been unsuccessful and the bleeding does not stop after a few minutes.
Remember : If you are experiencing behavior changes in your dog, chances are there is something more serious than restlessness and anxiety.

risk puppy wet truffle

Take care of your dog’s nose

The most common myth that still exists these days, says that wet truffle is one of the best signs of healthy dog. This error must be completely erased in the minds of the dog masters. Even sick, a dog may have wet, dry, warm or cold truffle . This is why the moisture factor is never an accurate indicator of your dog’s health.

Checking the puppy’s truffle

When examining your dog’s truffle, it is important to determine if there are signs of unusual discharge , this can be a smelly or bloody nasal discharge. Nasal discharge is not just an excessive discharge. Crusts that do not dry or crack as a result of excessive scraping are also indicative of a relevant respiratory problem. It is extremely important to understand that symptoms should not be neglected.

Dogs can not express their pain and discomfort, which is why it is important for pet owners to be a good observer especially when the dog starts to display visible behavior changes. The sooner the symptoms and the changes have been identified, the sooner medical care can be given.

Prevention is better than cure. It is important to be aware of the limitations and disadvantages of the breeds being cared for and to know the limitations and health considerations of the dog breed you are handling because it gives you a clear picture of what ‘one must wait in terms of symptoms that manifest each time the dog feels sick. When you are well informed, there are many diseases that can be prevented or treated.

In conclusion

The nasal discharge in puppies and mature dogs can tell a lot about the dog’s health level. But if you have been informed about what needs to be observed and applied, this can help you avoid worries or even help you choose the initial intervention that you can apply. This can take a few weeks before the dog returns to its normal routine, especially if the runny nose presents one of the symptoms of a more serious illness.